Presenting the Index at a press conference at FAO headquarters in Rome, Director-General José Graziano da Silva said, “This is reassuring. Although we should remain vigilant, current prices do not justify talk of a world food crisis. But the international community can and should move to calm markets further,” he added.
The FAO Food Price Index spiked 6% in July after three months of decline.
The new Index showed international prices of cereals and oils and fats changed little in August but sugar prices fell sharply, compensating for rising meat and dairy prices.
Although still high, the FAO Index currently stands 25 points below its peak of 238 points in February 2011 and 18 points below its August 2011 level. The FAO Food Price Index is a measure of the monthly change in international prices of a basket of food commodities.
The FAO Cereal Price Index averaged 260 points in August, the same as in July, with some increases in wheat and rice offsetting a slight weakening in maize. Deteriorating crop prospects for maize in the United States and wheat in the Russian Federation initially underpinned export quotations, but prices eased towards the end of the month following heavy rains in areas hardest hit by drought in the United States and the announcement that the Russian Federation would not impose export restrictions. Renewed import demand sustained international rice quotations.
Latest forecasts also confirm a significant tightening of global grain supply-demand balance in the 2012-13 marketing season. FAO's Cereal Supply and Demand Brief, published together with the Food Price Index, said global cereal production will not be sufficient to fully cover expected utilization in 2012-13, pointing to a larger drawdown of global cereal stocks than earlier anticipated.
FAO's latest forecast for world cereal production in 2012 stands at 2.295 billion tonnes, down 52 million tonnes, or 2.2%, from the record in 2011. This forecast is some 4 percent below the estimate in FAO's previous report in July, largely reflecting the worsening of maize production prospects in the United States because of the widespread and severe drought.
Global cereal utilization in 2012-13 is forecast at 2.317 billion tonnes, down marginally from the previous season and 2% below the 10-year trend. High grain prices are seen as curbing demand, especially for production of fuel ethanol from maize.
World production of coarse grains - maize, barley, sorghum, millet, rye and oats - is projected at 1.148 billion tonnes, down 17 million tonnes, or 1.5%, from 2011. The anticipated fall mainly reflects a smaller maize crop, which is expected to decline to 864 million tonnes in 2012, 20 million tonnes less than in 2011.
The FAO's forecast for world wheat production has also been downgraded from July. Global wheat production is anticipated to reach 663 million tonnes in 2012, down 15 million tonnes, or 2%, from the previous forecast. Wheat output in the Russian Federation is forecast to decline by 29% to 40 million tonnes compared to 2011, while production also looks set to fall sharply in Kazakhstan and Ukraine, by 47% and 37% respectively. By contrast, United States' wheat production is seen as increasing by 13.5% to an above-average level of 61.7 million tonnes while record harvests are also expected in India and China.
Regarding other food commodity prices, the FAO Oils/Fats Price Index averaged 226 points in August, unchanged from July. Gains in soybean oil prices and strengthening quotations for sunflower and rapeseed oils were offset by persistent weakness in palm oil values.
The FAO Meat Price Index averaged 170 points in August, up 4 points, or 2.2%, from July. All meat prices rose, but most of the momentum came from the grain-intensive pig and poultry sectors. The August price increase follows three consecutive months of declines.