Purdue Ag Barometer for March
WEST LAFAYETTE, INDIANA, U.S. — Uncertainty regarding trade relations and the possible implications for U.S. agricultural exports has reduced farmers’ optimism about the country’s overall ag economy, according to a report released on April 3.

The Purdue University/CME Group Ag Economy Barometer fell to 135 in March, a decline of five points from the previous month.

The decline is a result of producers’ less-optimistic perceptions of both current conditions and future expectations. The Index of Current Conditions fell 9 points in March to 134, while the Index of Future Expectations dropped by 4 points to 135. The barometer and both sub-indices are based on a monthly survey of 400 U.S. agricultural producers.

On the March survey, producers expressed both concern and uncertainty surrounding trade. Nearly half (47%) of respondents said that a trade war negatively affecting agricultural exports was somewhat likely, compared with just 28% who thought it was unlikely. The remaining 25% indicated uncertainty with a neutral rating.

Producers also were asked about the likelihood of a U.S. withdrawal from the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). More than one-third expressed uncertainty, while 28% expected the U.S. to remain in NAFTA and 34% said they expect the United States to exit the agreement.

“Interestingly, when comparing results from the two trade questions, a larger share of respondents reported a significant decline in agricultural exports from a trade war was more likely than the U.S. withdrawing from NAFTA,” said James Mintert, director of Purdue University’s Center for Commercial Agriculture and principal investigator on the barometer project. “These results are important for two reasons. First, nearly half of producers rated the risk of a trade war as at least somewhat likely. Second, producers’ concerns about risks to agricultural trade are broader than just the ongoing NAFTA situation.”

The March survey also asked producers whether they thought now was a good time to make large farm investments, such as machinery or buildings. At 68%, the portion of producers indicating now is a bad time to make large investments is the highest level observed since May 2017. Mintert said this could be related to the trade situation.

“Concerns about agricultural exports, especially as they relate to Chinese tariffs on U.S. ag products, could be one reason why fewer producers said now is a good time to make large farm investments,” he said.

The full March Ag Economy Barometer report is available at http://purdue.edu/agbarometer.