With this trifecta, attendees filled the IFTNEXT stage for the opportunity to interact with those on the front lines of this issue in the two-part panel “GMOs…So what?” On June 27, Don Cameron, vice-president of Terranova Ranch, explained the opportunities GMOs offered farmers while Clint Nesbitt, director of regulatory affairs, food and agriculture, Biotechnology Innovation Organization, walked attendees through the regulatory issues surrounding these crops.
|Sekhar Boddupalli, senior vice-president, food sector, Intrexon|
On June 28, Sekhar Boddupalli, senior vice-president, food sector, Intrexon, and Thomas Colquhoun, assistant professor of food science, University of Florida, elaborated on the benefits of GMOs from a scientific perspective and how to address negative consumer perception.
The precise gene editing technology available today enables scientists to create crops that are disease- and pesticide-resistant. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, pests and disease contribute to 30% of food waste. Gene editing technology can reduce the amount of food lost. And then there is food waste due to undesirable characteristics, such as browning apples, which Specialty Fruits has solved by simply turning a gene in the apple off.
“Forty percent of apples are wasted because of browning, and we can stop that by turning off that gene,” Boddupalli said. “It preserves the apple naturally without preservatives, so the first bite you take is of the apple, not the taste of preservatives on the skin.”
Hardier crops are useful in improving yields, reducing food waste and solving consumer issues, but GMOs also can address issues arising from climate change. These crops can be tailored to be more tolerant of drought and adaptable to climate change. Farmers using GMO crops can lower production costs, reduce water usage and reduce pollution.
“We’re more productive with less water and labor,” Cameron said. “When we talk about climate change we’re going to have to be adaptable. We have to be more sustainable and be careful with what we grow and how we grow it.”
With so many advantages, it can be surprising that consumers are still wary of GMO crops and ingredients, but the skepticism and sometimes outright hostility remains. As Colquhoun showed, while 88% of scientists believe GMOs to be safe for human consumption, they found that only 37% of adults in the United States believe them to be safe. Colquhoun attributed this disconnect to a lack of effective communication on the part of the science community and the spreading of misinformation by a small group of consumers who are anti- GMOs. Colquhoun argued that the food industry and science community needs to stop engaging that sliver of consumers and start engaging the moveable middle.