US Corn production
WASHINGTON, D.C., U.S. — The U.S. Department of Agriculture in its Sept. 12 Crop Production report forecast 2017 U.S. production of corn at 14.184 billion bushels, up 31.5 million bushels from the August forecast but down 6% from last year. Soybean production was forecast at 4.431 billion bushels, up 1% from August and up 3% from 2016.

In a special note, the USDA said changes to harvested area in states impacted by Hurricanes Harvey and Irma were not fully reflected in the September Crop Report because of when data were collected. The October Crop Production report will reflect those changes.

Based on Sept. 1 conditions, average corn yield in 2017 was forecast at 169.9 bushels an acre, up 0.4 bushels from August, down 4.7 bushels from 2016 and the third highest on record. Harvested area of corn was forecast at 83.5 million acres, unchanged from August but down 4% from last year.

US soybean production
The average soybean yield was forecast at 49.9 bushels an acre based on Sept. 1 conditions, up 0.5 bushels from August but down 2.2 bushels from 2016. Harvested area was forecast at a record 88.7 million acres, unchanged from August but up 7% from 2016.

If realized, soybean production would be record high, topping the previous record of 4.307 billion bushels in 2016. Corn production would be the third highest on record after last year’s record of 15.148 billion bushels and 14.216 billion bushels in 2014.

The USDA corn production and yield forecasts were above the average of trade expectations of 14 billion bushels and 167.8 bushels an acre, respectively, and were above all individual pre-report trade forecasts except one. The USDA soybean production and yield forecasts were above all trade expectations, which averaged 4.321 billion bushels and 48.7 bushels an acre, respectively.

Corn and soybean futures traded lower after the report.