Russia’s total grain exports are projected to reach, or exceed, 40 million tonnes, a target set by Russia’s Ministry of Agriculture for grain exports in market year 2016-17. Despite the expected restoration of wheat exports to Egypt and the decrease of Russia’s wheat export duty to zero until July 2018, the report said, Russia’s wheat exports are constrained by the world versus domestic grain prices and the ruble to the U.S dollar exchange rate. As of October 2016, both factors have influenced Russia’s wheat exports. According to the FAS, world wheat stocks are high and world wheat prices are low. The U.S. dollar to ruble exchange rate continues to be volatile, with a slight strengthening of the ruble during the first part of October when the exchange rate decreased.