Panama Canal
The first commercial transit of a Neopanamax through the expanded Panama Canal.
PANAMA CITY, PANAMA — The newly expanded Panama Canal is now open for business. On June 26, a COSCO Shipping neo-panamax sized ship started through the new locks of Agua Clara on the Atlantic Ocean side of the expanded Panama Canal, and concluded with its transit through the Cocoli Locks on the Pacific side. The ship is en route to Asia.. 

"More than 100 years ago, the Panama Canal connected two oceans” said Jorge Quijano, chief executive officer and administrator of the Panama Canal. “Today, we connect the present and the future. It is an honor to announce that what we did it together: providing this great connection to the world. This is the beginning of a new era."

"Canal users can be assured that we'll continue to support the Panama Canal Authority and our port operators to provide them a world class service and strengthen our logistics system by creating the necessary incentives and conditions to give added value to our inter-oceanic route," said Juan Carlos Varela, the Panamanian president. 

Considered and analyzed with more than 100 studies, the expansion will provide greater economies of scale to global commerce. It will introduce new routes, liner services, and segments such as liquefied natural gas (LNG). 

The Panama Canal is an essential trade route for agricultural commodities, including grain, shipped from the U.S. East Coast and the Mississippi River and destine for Asia and South American countries. It is expected that the expanded canal will drop the cost to transport grain from the U.S. Corn Belt to Asia by an estimated 12%.

"We are thrilled that we currently have 170 reservations for Neopanamax ships, commitments of two new liner services to the expanded canal, and a reservation for the first LNG vessel, which will transit in late July," Quijano said. "Our customers care that their supply chain is reliable and that they have a diversity of shipping options. And the canal has always been reliable; today, we offer the world new shipping options and trade routes." 

The expansion program is the canal's largest enhancement project. In 2006, more than 75% of Panamanians approved the project in a nation-wide referendum, and, in 2007, construction of the $5.25 billion project began. It included the construction of a new set of locks on the Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean sides of the waterway and the excavation of more than 150 million cubic meters of material, creating a second lane of traffic and doubling the cargo capacity of the waterway.

In 2015, the original canal set a tonnage record, transiting 340.8 million PC/UMS. It will continue to operate, transiting Panamax-sized vessels or smaller. While the expansion's locks are 70 feet wider and 18 feet deeper than those in the original canal, they use less water due to water savings basins that recycle 60% of the water used per transit.

COSCO Shipping Panama set sail June 11 from the Greek Port of Piraeus carrying 9,472 TEUs and measuring 299.98 meters in length and 48.25 meters in beam. Originally named Andronikos, the vessel was renamed to honor of Panama and the canal.