In the world of wheat research, the grant is a significant investment of public funds in work critical to the industry’s continued profitability.
It will span five years and include 56 scientists from 28 institutions, led by Dr. Jorge Dubcovsky of the University of California at Davis and Dr. Gary Muehlbauer at the University of Minnesota.
“Enhancing public and private research is at the heart of NAWG’s strategic plan, and this is an exciting infusion to our public wheat research system,” said NAWG Chief Executive Officer Dana Peterson. “These dollars will return significant benefits to farmers by developing tools to adapt varieties planted by growers across the country, which is a significant step in the right direction as we seek to raise wheat yields 20% by 2018.”
The goal of the project is to develop methods to produce new varieties that minimize the damage to crops from stresses associated with climate change.
The long-term objective is a 10% reduction in both nitrogen and water use in barley and wheat production, though the project will also focus on traits related to fungal diseases and low temperature tolerance.
To achieve these goals, the AFRI project will build on the rapidly decreasing costs of genetic markers and other tools to accelerate breeding cycles, improving publicly-available germplasm, standardizing methods for high-throughput field evaluation and integrating genetic and field measurements into public databases for use by all breeding programs.
A systematic genotypic and phenotypic characterization of varieties in the National Small Grains Collection (NSGC) and commercially available wheat and barley lines will accelerate the introduction of novel non-GMO genes into cereal breeding programs. The NSGC provides access to the ancestors of modern wheat and barley, which carry a wide diversity of genes for crop improvement previously underutilized by plant breeders because of insufficient funding and genomic information.
Importantly, the project will also facilitate training for a new generation of plant breeders in the most advanced breeding technologies, which is critical for wheat research development in the coming decades.
“We applaud NIFA for their support of basic and applied wheat research, which is vital to all American wheat farmers,” said Jane DeMarchi, NAWG’s director of government affairs for research and technology. “We look forward to working with scientists during the project to maximize the positive benefits for farmers.”
NAWG works with organizations and individuals throughout the wheat chain to demonstrate the value of wheat research, and NAWG, U.S. Wheat Associates and affiliated state organizations from both groups provided a letter of support for the project application.
“It is so vital for wheat breeding to continue to become more advanced to solve the problems farmers like myself have on our operations so we can continue to produce a stable and affordable food supply,” said NAWG President Jerry McReynolds, a wheat producer from Woodston, Kansas, U.S.
“We face drought, heat, pests and other challenges that can be helped by good research in our public universities and, increasingly, by private companies. We’re hopeful this project will be able to build on the knowledge we already have and find new answers to our most pressing challenges.”