KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI, U.S. — The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) weekly U.S. crop condition ratings slipped slightly for corn and held for winter wheat while initial soybean and spring wheat ratings indicated those crops were off to good starts for the 2014 growing season.
Corn in the 18 major states was rated 75% good to excellent as of June 8, down one percentage point from a week earlier but well above 63% at the same time last year. This year’s crop was rated 21% fair (22% a week ago and 29% last year) and 4% poor to very poor (2% last week and 8% last year, the USDA said in its weekly Crop Progress report.
Corn emergence in the 18 states was at 92%, ahead of 83% a year ago and 90% as the 2009-13 average for the date.
Winter wheat in the 18 major states was 9% harvested as of June 8, ahead of 5% last year but slightly behind 12% as the five-year average. Wheat was 30% combined in Texas and 26% harvested in Oklahoma, with drought significantly affecting crops in both states. Harvest was at 11% in Arkansas and North Carolina. Harvest was not far enough along in other states to post progress.
With harvest under way across the south, winter wheat ratings typically change little, and in fact the 18-state aggregate held from a week earlier at 30% good to excellent, 26% fair and 44% poor to very poor, also near last year’s ratings at the same time.
In its initial spring wheat condition report the USDA rated the crop 71% good to excellent, 25% fair and 4% poor to very poor, much better than 62%, 31% and 7%, respectively, a year earlier. The spring wheat crop was 95% planted (93% average) and 80% emerged (82%).
The soybean crop in the 18 major states was initially rated 74% good to excellent, 22% fair and 4% poor to very poor, with no comparison to a year ago because the crop was not far enough along to rate. Soybeans were 87% planted (81% average) and 71% emerged (62%).
Rice in the six major states was rated 69% good to excellent, 27% fair and 4% poor, unchanged from a week earlier and modestly better than a year ago.
Oats in the nine major states was rated 63% good to excellent, 25% fair and 12% poor to very poor, slightly better than a week earlier and modestly better than a year ago. The crop was 37% headed, ahead of 33% last year but just behind 40% as the five-year average.
Since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February, the world’s wheat supply has been thrown into question, with poorer nations facing scarcity and a potential food crisis, according to the United Nations.
Following are countries among the world’s least developed that are the most dependent on Russia and Ukraine for their annual wheat supply (2020), according to the UN Conference on Trade and Development. Nations in Africa import 44% of their wheat from Russia and Ukraine, according to the UN.
In marketing year 2022-23, the world is projected by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) to produce 779.03 million tonnes of wheat and provide 204.89 million tonnes for export.
These are the eight major wheat importing nations/regions as listed in the monthly USDA World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) report and their annual tonnes with production.
Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February and the persistent La Niña climate phenomenon have combined to create some of the most volatile market conditions in recent memory, sending prices skyrocketing as nations that depend on wheat to feed their populations scramble to secure supplies.
Each month, the WASDE releases new projections to reflect the most recent global market and production conditions, and this slideshow will be updated with those changes.