BEIJING, CHINA — China’s grain output has nearly quintupled over the past 70 years, according to a report from the country’s National Bureau of Statistics (NBS).

China’s grain output grew at an average annual rate of 2.6% from 1949, managing to feed 20% of the world's population with only less than 9% of the world’s arable land, according to the report.

The country increased the diversity of food supply by developing the breeding industry, with the output of aquatic products ranking first in the world since 1989, which stood at 64.6 million tonnes in 2018, 143 times higher than 1949.

The structure of the agriculture industry was continuously optimized, with a modern pattern promoting all-around development of farming, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery replacing the traditional farming pattern, the NBS said.

Scale operation of agriculture was enhanced by the progress of rural land circulation. Over 35 million hectares of family contracted farmland was circulated in 2018, posing a sharp contrast to the 58 million in 2004.

The country also fostered new types of entities of agricultural production and service. By the end of 2018, 600,000 family farms and 2.17 million farmer cooperatives had been registered.