Five-Year Trends: World Grain

by Teresa Acklin
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Wheat

TRADE (in million tonnes wheat equivalent)

       

Percent

Year

Wheat

Flour

Total

change

1991-92

100.0

8.2

108.2

1992-93

97.3

8.1

105.4

-3.1

1993-94

84.4

8.2

92.6

-12.1

1994-95

83.5

9.3

92.8

+0.2

1995-96

83.5

8.2

91.7

-1.2

Note: beginning in 1991-92, wheat and total figures include

       

durum, semolina trade.

       

DISAPPEARANCE (in million tonnes)

Year

Food

Feed

Other

Total

1991-92

381.3

120.7

55.7

557.7

1992-93

385.2

102.6

63.4

551.2

1993-94

395.0

106.0

60.0

561.0

1994-95

408.0

100.0

42.0

550.0

1995-96

412.0

90.0

57.0

559.0

PRODUCTION, ENDING STOCKS

(in million tonnes, U.S. dollars per tonne)

   

Ending

Export

Year

Production

stocks

price*

1991-92

560.7

126.4

150

1992-93

561.4

135.9

143

1993-94

558.2

127.0

143

1994-95

527.5

111.0

157

1995-96

542.0

94.0

215

   *Source: International Grains Council (average price quotes for U.S. No. 2 hard red wheat, f.o.b. U.S. gulf) Source: International Grains Council; U.S. Department of Agriculture

Maize

TRADE (in million tonnes)

 

World

Percent

Year

total

change

1991-92

62.6

1992-93

62.0

-1.0

1993-94

55.8

-10.0

1994-95

72.4

+29.8

1995-96

75.9

+4.8

DISAPPEARANCE (in million tonnes)

Year

Feed

Total

1991-92

337.1

490.7

1992-93

346.9

513.1

1993-94

340.1

510.2

1994-95

374.8

539.2

1995-96

370.8

543.6

PRODUCTION, ENDING STOCKS, PRICE

(in million tonnes, U.S. dollars per tonne)

   

Ending

Export

Year

Production

stocks

price*

1991-92

486.9

80.9

110

1992-93

532.8

104.8

98

1993-94

467.9

69.3

116

1994-95

559.3

92.7

97

1995-96

513.4

62.4

160

   *Source: I.G.C. (average price quote for U.S. No. 3 yellow maize, f.o.b. U.S. Gulf) Source: U.S.D.A.

Soybeans

TRADE (in million tonnes)

 

World

Percent

Year

total

change

1991-92

28.5

1992-93

29.6

+3.8

1993-94

28.1

-5.1

1994-95

32.2

+14.6

1995-96

31.8

-1.2

DISAPPEARANCE (in million tonnes)

Year

Crush

Total

1991-92

92.2

110.3

1992-93

96.2

117.4

1993-94

101.3

121.1

1994-95

110.1

132.2

1995-96

111.1

130.6

PRODUCTION, ENDING STOCKS, PRICE

(in million tonnes, U.S. dollars per tonne)

   

Ending

Import

Year

Production

stocks

price*

1991-92

107.4

18.4

239

1992-93

116.9

20.2

236

1993-94

117.3

17.3

268

1994-95

137.5

23.5

241

1995-96

124.3

17.2

291

   *Source: I.G.C. (average price quote for U.S. No. 2 soybeans, c.i.f. Rotterdam) Source: U.S.D.A.

Rice (milled)

TRADE (in million tonnes)

 

World

Percent

Year

total

change

1991-92

14.1

+16.5

1992-93

14.8

+5.0

1993-94

16.3

+10.1

1994-95

22.0

+34.9

1995-96

19.6

-10.9

DISAPPEARANCE (in million tonnes)

Year

Total

1991-92

356.0

1992-93

354.1

1993-94

356.8

1994-95

361.0

1995-96

372.3

PRODUCTION, ENDING STOCKS, PRICE

(in million tonnes, U.S. dollars per tonne)

   

Ending

Export

Year

Production

stocks

price*

1991-92

352.3

55.6

287

1992-93

352.5

54.0

244

1993-94

352.4

49.8

294

1994-95

360.5

49.3

290

1995-96

371.6

48.8

362

*Thailand milled rice, 100% 2nd grade, f.o.b. Bangkok Source: U.S.D.A.

     

Sorghum

TRADE (in million tonnes)

 

World

Percent

Year

total

change

1991-92

9.4

1992-93

8.7

-7.5

1993-94

6.6

-24.1

1994-95

6.7

+1.5

1995-96

6.2

-7.5

TOTAL USE (in million tonnes)

Year

Feed

Total

1991-92

33.6

53.6

1992-93

34.9

65.4

1993-94

33.9

56.7

1994-95

31.8

57.7

1995-96

29.1

55.8

PRODUCTION, ENDING STOCKS

(in million tonnes, U.S. dollars per tonne)

   

Ending

Export

Year

Production

stocks

price*

1991-92

56.6

5.8

107

1992-93

65.4

9.4

94

1993-94

56.7

4.1

108

1994-95

57.7

4.1

104

1995-96

54.4

2.6

158

*U.S. no. 2 yellow sorghum, f.o.b. U.S. gulf

     

   Source: U.S.D.A.

Barley

TRADE (in million tonnes)

Year

World total

Percent change

1991-92

18.6

1992-93

14.6

-21.5

1993-94

17.1

+17.1

1994-95

14.8

-13.5

1995-96

11.7

-20.9

DISAPPEARANCE (in million tonnes)

Year

Feed

Total

1991-92

122.4

168.0

1992-93

121.6

162.2

1993-94

125.3

170.4

1994-95

122.6

167.6

1995-96

106.9

149.8

   PRODUCTION, ENDING STOCKS, PRICE

(in million tonnes, U.S. dollars per tonne)

Year

Production

Ending stocks

Export price*

1991-92

169.1

32.5

122

1992-93

165.7

31.9

118

1993-94

169.9

31.5

110

1994-95

160.6

24.9

115

1995-96

141.4

16.6

136

*U.S. no. 2 Western, f.o.b. Portland

     

   Source: U.S.D.A.

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