Feed and meat facts

by Teresa Acklin
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   (grain and meat figures in 1,000 tonnes)

Mexico

Coarse grains (1991-1996 average)
: Production21,810
Imports5,978
Exports0
Change in domestic feed use (1991 to 1996): +75%
Poultry consumption (1995-96):1,717
Change from 1990-91: +67%
Per capita poultry consumption (1995-96): 17.9 kg
Pork consumption (1995-96): 980
Change from 1990-91: +21%
Per capita consumption (1995-96): 10.22 kg
Beef consumption (1995-96):1,890
Change from 1990-91:+2%
Per capita consumption (1995-96):16.3 kg

   Mexico is the world's sixth largest coarse grains importer. Because maize is a food staple, only 25% of average annual consumption is used for feed, whereas virtually 100% of sorghum use is for feed.

Colombia

Coarse grains (1991-1996 average)
: Production1,820
Imports993
Exports0
Change in domestic feed use (1991 to 1996): +81%
Poultry consumption (1995-96):648
Change from 1990-91:+88%
Per capita poultry consumption (1995-96):17.6 kg
Beef consumption (1995-96):598
Change from 1990-91: -23%
Per capita consumption (1995-96):16.3 kg

   Per capita poultry consumption has more than doubled in five years, and about 80% of feed production is for chickens. Markets gradually are being liberalized, and private sector feed millers now may import coarse grains.

Argentina

Coarse grains (1991-1996 average):
Production13,952
Imports0
Exports6,472
Change in domestic feed use (1991 to 1996):+47%
Poultry consumption (1995-96):700
Change from 1990-91+116%
Per capita consumption: 20.2 kg
Beef consumption (1995-96): 2,088
Change from 1990-91: -5%
Per capita consumption: 60.2 kg

   In May, Argentina was declared foot and mouth disease-free with vaccination, after more than 60 years of F.M.D. designation. As a result, Argentina's agricultural secretariat projects beef exports in 2000 will increase by 73% from the 1996 level of 460,000 tonnes. If higher exports lead to domestic beef price increases, consumers could choose to increase poultry intake.

Venezuela

Coarse grains (1991-1996 average):
Production1,324
Imports1,029
Exports0
Change in domestic feed use (1991 to 1996):+37%
Poultry consumption (1995-96):406
Change from 1990-91: +100%
Per capita poultry consumption (1995-96): 18.5 kg
Beef consumption (1995-96):348
Change from 1990-91: -3%
Per capita consumption (1995-96):15.9 kg

   Several economic crises in the 1990s have cut into beef consumption, with consumers switching to lower priced poultry or away from meat altogether. New economic reforms instituted in 1996 may help begin a recovery and stimulate increased demand for meat.

Brazil

Coarse grains (1991-1996 average):
Production33,299
Imports1,163
Exports0
Change in domestic feed use (1991 to 1996):+41%
Poultry consumption (1995-96):4,140
Change from 1990-91:+75%
Per capita poultry consumption (1995-96): 25.4 kg
Pork consumption (1995-96): 1,430
Change from 1990-91:+38%
Per capita consumption (1995-96): 8.8 kg
Beef consumption (1995-96): 4,648
Change from 1990-91: +17%
Per capita consumption (1995-96):28.6 kg

   Brazil is the world's second largest broiler producer. Brazil also has South America's largest maize milling industry, with an annual milling capacity of about 5.1 million tonnes.

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