Country Focus Data: Sweden
March 01, 1995
by Mindy Dake
The Kingdom of Sweden occupies 60% of the land mass in Scandinavia. Its capital is Stockholm.
Demography: Population (1994), 8.9 million, 0.6% annual growth rate; language, Swedish; religion, Evangelical Lutheran.
Geography: 449,964 square km of mostly flat or rolling lowlands, with mountains in the west and a 3,218-km coastline. Temperate climate in south, subarctic in north. About 15% of land area lies within the Arctic Circle.
Government: constitutional monarchy. Head of state is King Carl Gustav; head of government is Prime Minister Ingvar Carlsson.
Official agricultural agencies: Ministry of Agriculture.
Economy: Sweden has one of the world's highest standards of living, developed under a capitalist system mixed with welfare assistance. Agriculture accounts for about 2% of gross domestic product and employs about 3% of the workforce.
In the past several years, Sweden's economy has been in recession, but the economy is expected to recover in 1995.
G.D.P. per capita: U.S.$24,830 (1993); real growth rate, 0.1% (1985-1993).
Currency: the Swedish krona. Jan. 10, 1995 exchange rate, 7.5207 kronor per U.S. dollar.
Major crops: wheat, barley, oats, forestry products.
Wheat: In normal years, wheat is the predominant grain, with production typically reaching about 1.7 million tonnes. Sweden's imports are mostly high-protein and durum wheat from Canada and the United States.
Barley: Barley is Sweden's primary feed grain, with feed use accounting for up to 93% of domestic consumption.
Oats: Another key feed grain, about 93% of total domestic oats use is for feed. With the use of subsidies, Sweden also exports about 300,000 tonnes of high-quality oats a year, mostly to the United States.
Livestock: The dairy sector is a major component of Sweden's livestock industry and accounts for an estimated 37% of total farm income. The country has about 500,000 head of milk cows and produces about 3.3 million tonnes of milk annually.
Hog slaughter is about 3.5 million head a year, resulting in production of about 300,000 tonnes of pork. Annual beef slaughter totals about 500,000 head, with production at about 130,000 tonnes. Sweden imports some beef and pork, but imports account for less than 10% of total consumption.
Transportation: rail, 12,000 km, with the Swedish State Railways operating 10,819 km of 1.435-meter standard gauge, 6.955 km electified and 1,152 km double track. Highways, 97,400 km, with 51,899 paved. Ports are Stockholm, Malmo, Helsingborg.