2002 World Grain Trade Review

by Emily Wilson
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Grain exports and imports by major seaports

(In tonnes, calendar year 2001)

Argentina: Exporting ports

San Martin/San Lorenzo

27,184,042

Rosario

9,757,583

Buenos Aires

796,511

Necochea

4,615,843

Bahia Blanca

5,862,024

Australia: Exporting ports

Geraldton

1,009,219

Fremantle

3,284,957

Albany

1,070,082

Port Lincoln

1,796,041

Adelaide

2,068,024

Geelong

2,851,928

Brisbane

680,097

Brazil: Exporting ports

Vitoria

2,033,000

Santos

4,400,794

Paranagua

9,741,000

Sao Francisco

1,649,000

Rio Grande

4,990,188

Brazil: Importing ports

Santos

1,818,300

Rio Grande

525,775

Canada: Exporting ports

Prince Rupert

2,114,966

Vancouver

11,623,000

Thunder Bay

5,248,074

Port Quebec

1,207,454

Port Cartier

2,188,209

China: Importing ports (Customs Regions3)

Dalian

2,266,0504

Tianjin

1,315,5904

Shijiazhuang

882,6104

Qingdao

4,313,9704

Nanjing

3,658,2704

Shanghai

1,099,2104

China: Exporting ports

Shenyang

504,7802

Dalian

4,637,9302

Egypt: Importing ports

Dekheila

3,380,0002

Damietta

1,820,0002

Europe: Exporting ports

Amsterdam, Netherlands

1,411,000

Rotterdam, Netherlands

2,500,000

Ghent, Belgium

697,615

Le Havre, France

547,786

Rouen, France

6,137,622

Southampton

438,100

Tilbury, U.K.

550,000

Immingham, U.K.

237,141

Europe: Importing ports

Tilbury, U.K.

757,000

Amsterdam, Netherlands

9,589,000

Rotterdam, Netherlands

8,400,000

Ghent, Belgium

4,680,991

Japan: Importing ports

Tomakomai

872,897

Hachinohe

1,053,041

Kashima

3,118,643

Chiba

1,414,070

Nagoya

2,218,461

Kinuura

1,131,360

Kobe

2,274,616

Mizushima

1,445,654

Shibushi

1,624,603

Kagoshima

968,997

South Korea: Importing ports

Inchon

9,459,000

Ulsan

1,574,000

Pusan

954,000

Taiwan: Importing ports

Taichung

2,372,2332

Kaohsiung

2,876,4912

U.S.: Exporting ports

Duluth, Minnesota

3,706,748

Pudget Sound, Washington

6,404,795

Portland, Oregon

2,335,438

Corpus Christi, Texas

1,764,389

Houston, Texas

5,687,970

South Louisiana

54,684,072

 

1"Grain" includes any cereal grain, oilseed, feedstuff or agrifood, and may include many or all of the following: wheat, barley, maize, rice, oats, soybeans, canola or feedstuffs.

2Maize only

3China’s export/import totals are from China’s General Administration of Customs. The locations listed represent regional Customs offices that may service more than one port and track the amounts imported and exported through each Custom region.

4Wheat, barley and soybean only

Sources: Individual ports; U.S. Grains Council (Washington D.C., Beijing, Taipei, Cairo, and Seoul offices); SAGPyA of Argentina and APOSGRAN; USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service, Agricultural Attaché Buenos Aires; Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO), Chicago; and Kepler We

Global Grain Trade Activity

marketing years 2000-01 and 2001-02

MAIZE (1,000 tonnes)

2000-01

Top exporters:

Top importers:

1. U.S.

48,192

1. Japan

16,340

2. Argentina

12,229

2. South Korea

8,743

3. China

7,276

3. Mexico

5,928

4. Brazil

3,741

4. Egypt

5,268

5. South Africa

1,415

5. Taiwan

4,924

World Total:

76,256

2001-02

Top exporters:

Top importers:

1. U.S.

47,000

1. Japan

16,395

2. Argentina

8,700

2. South Korea

8,608

3. China

8,611

3. Egypt

4,800

4. Brazil

3,900

4. Taiwan

4,400

5. Hungary

2,800

5. Mexico

4,000

World Total:

74,424

SOYBEANS (1,000 tonnes)

2000-01

Top exporters:

Top importers:

1. U.S.

27,103

1. China

13,245

2. Brazil

15,470

2. Netherlands

5,660

3. Argentina

7,145

3. Japan

4,767

4. Paraguay

2,550

4. Germany

4,567

5. E.U.

1,258

5. Mexico

4,381

World Total:

55,074

2001-02

Top exporters:

Top importers:

1. U.S.

28,985

1. China

10,300

2. Brazil

15,000

2. Netherlands

6,000

3. Argentina

6,300

3. Japan

5,000

4. Paraguay

2,110

4. Germany

4,650

5. E.U.

1,805

5. Mexico

4,600

World Total:

55,363

SORGHUM (1,000 tonnes)

2000-01

Top exporters:

Top importers:

1. U.S.

5,866

1. Mexico

4,892

2. Australia

892

2. Japan

1,983

3. Argentina

566

3. Brazil

141

World Total:

7,446

4. Israel

83

2001-02

Top exporters:

Top importers:

1. U.S.

6,000

1. Mexico

4,700

2. Australia

525

2. Japan

1,776

3. Argentina

400

3. Brazil

150

World Total:

7,052

4. Israel

50

FLOUR (1,000 tonnes, wheat equiiv.)

2000-01

Top Exporters:

Top Importers:

1. E.U.

3,298

1.Libya

1,071

2. U.S.

931

2. Indonesia

449

3. Argentina

501

3. Hong Kong

425

4. Japan

439

4. Yemen

351

5. Turkey

406

5. Cuba

277

World Total:

8,446

BARLEY (1,000 tonnes)

2000-01

Top exporters:

Top importers:

1. E.U.

6,148

1. Saudi Arabia

4,800

2. Australia

3,600

2. China

2,305

3. Canada

1,956

3. Japan

1,498

4. Ukraine

1,479

4. Iran

822

5. U.S.

1,065

5. Eastern Europe

796

World Total:

16,572

2001-02

Top exporters:

Top importers:

1. Australia

3,700

1. Saudi Arabia

5,500

2. E.U.

3,400

2. China

1,913

3. Ukraine

3,150

3. Japan

1,400

4. Russia

2,600

4. E.U.

1,000

5. Canada

1,100

5. Tunisia

800

World Total:

17,190

WHEAT (1,000 tonnes)

2000-01

Top exporters:

Top importers:

1. U.S.

27,845

1. Brazil

7,518

2. Canada

17,351

2. Iran

6,245

3. Australia

16,682

3. Egypt

6,050

4. E.U.

15,225

4. Japan

5,885

5. Argentina

11,396

5. Algeria

5,600

World Total:

103,480

2001-02

Top exporters:

Top importers:

1. U.S.

26,139

1. E.U.

9,500

2. Canada

16,758

2. Brazil

7,100

3. Australia

16,494

3. Egypt

7,000

4. Eastern Europe

11,494

4. Iran

6,000

5. Argentina

11,477

5. Japan

5,836

World Total:

109,751

RICE (1,000 tonnes)

2000-01

Top exporters:

Top importers:

1. Thailand

7,521

1. Nigeria

1,738

2. Vietnam

3,528

2. Indonesia

1,500

3. U.S.

2,541

3. Philippines

1,175

4. Pakistan

2,417

4. Saudi Arabia

1,053

5. India

1,936

5. Iraq

959

World Total:

24,442

Source: International Grains Council, London: U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Foreign Agricultural Service, Washington D.C.

2001-02 World grain summary

(in million tonnes and hectares)

WHEAT

Supply

Demand

Beginning stocks

174

Food use

430

Ending stocks

106.5

Production

581

Feed use

102

Area harvested

215.6

Total

755

Other

56

CORN

Supply

Demand

Beginning stocks

127

Feed use

436.4

Ending stocks

106.5

Production

598

Other

181.8

Area harvested

137.7

Total

725

Total

618

SOYBEANS

Supply

Demand

Beginning stocks

31

Crush

158

Ending stocks

31.7

Production

184

Other

25.1

Area harvested

79.4

Total

215

Total

183

RICE (milled)

Supply

Demand

Beginning stocks

145.3

All uses

410

Ending stocks

132

Production

396.4

Area harvested

151.1

Total

541.7

SORGHUM

Supply

Demand

Beginning stocks

4.2

All uses

56.7

Ending stocks

4.3

Production

56.9

Area harvested

39.8

Total

61.1

BARLEY

Supply

Demand

Beginning stocks

21

Feed use

97.5

Ending stocks

24.6

Production

142

Other

40.8

Area harvested

56.8

Total

163

Total

138.3

Source: International Grains Council

 

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