1993 World Grain and Feed Trade Review

by Teresa Acklin
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   The 1993 Trade Review summarizes trade activity in wheat, flour, maize, soybeans, barley, sorghum and rice during the 1991-92 marketing season. The tables provide an overview of worldwide grain and flour trade patterns by indicating the major exporters and importers of each commodity. The trade maps are designed to offer a broad look at grain movement around the world and do not represent actual shipping points or trade routes. The marketing year 1991-92 was selected for the completeness of available statistics.

   World grain trade is a continuous process. The Trade Review is designed to present a general view only and does not reflect actual trading on a daily basis.

World Trade Totals 1991-92

(1,000 tonnes)
Wheat & Flour102,253
Flour only8,211
Maize61,557
Soybeans28,241
Barley18,803
Sorghum9,364
Rice11,634

World Wheat Flour Production

   (1981-90)

   by regions and countries*

1990198919881987198619851984198319821981
(1,000 tonnes)
WESTERN EUROPE
Austria453372368362360361356353356368
E.E.C.
Belgium1,0681,010896932851938908797909966
Denmark250260264268259246246244
France5,3455,2525,2664,9364,8374,9004,6694,0064,6964,741
Germany2,6172,4292,4432,3392,3842,5192,4332,2802,4802,601
Greece2,0592,0992,104927861885
Ireland138136159166156169172213226
Italy4,5734,5304,5404,5904,5004,4404,3704,5104,783
Luxembourg41423844414039
Netherlands1,2001,1131,0451,0489081,0161,0669651,0111,021
Portugal564609603580618583580585
Spain2,4002,4362,4722,5082,5442,5812,6172,6302,6372,643
United Kingdom3,8793,9283,9983,8744,0613,6473,6083,4263,5043,596
Finland213220219224226230225220226231
Malta3035353622232221
Norway292288290285279280284274331
Sweden517499461466454455448458449438
Switzerland376365356356356355352343338338
Yugoslavia2,3212,2022,2772,3182,3422,3372,4052,4422,331
EASTERN EUROPE
Albania220220220
Bulgaria1,3661,3171,3441,2621,3831,3741,2461,2991,3341,344
Czechoslovakia1,4181,4051,4251,3841,3551,3351,3061,2961,3391,315
East Germany931941937918924920889941919
Hungary1,2181,1201,1641,1841,1721,1651,1661,1821,2181,203
Poland1,8072,8932,8982,7262,4882,1772,9352,5152,8102,772
Romania2,5432,6422,8612,6772,6182,6182,2002,7002,200
U.S.S.R.43,00043,00043,00043,00043,000
NORTH AND CENTRAL AMERICA
Canada1,6401,6521,7281,6711,7461,7201,6951,7261,6221,651
Costa Rica9087856566907580
Cuba398442454443442422428386354
Dominican Republic138126161150141139108127117100
El Salvador12412011211010110397898080
Guadeloupe (French)38373634333337
Guatemala147154148137136139122113106111
Haiti92142132111139104110
Honduras10283837875684115814265
Jamaica16114612713713913186625545
Mexico2,5092,4862,3832,2572,1262,3672,4592,3912,3292,286
Nicaragua43475545
Panama68695952504847
Trinidad and Tobago7372
United States16,31315,54815,61115,49314,80214,23513,60014,13313,19612,881
SOUTH AMERICA
Argentina2,8182,8822,7512,4702,8562,8992,8522,7712,6442,456
Bolivia36235797152127142172205136234
Brazil5,1105,4754,7204,7944,5404,6254,680
Chile1,2051,1231,1201,1101,0799999959959981,011
Colombia510479473379520376350353
Ecuador329323326278250250230
Guyana3231834
Paraguay127108105115108999010097101
Peru481598824891873694784761766775
Uruguay164153200260242243
Venezuela710610890790710800600600550
1990198919881987198619851984198319821981
ASIA
Near East Cyprus677267536261595756
Iran2,9092,5942,5182,5255,5005,404
Iraq5,7651,8501,7901,622
Israel524480492478467518497472461
Jordan588336333329447378240155
Kuwait147142143149235176210200
Lebanon190270290
Saudi Arabia650455346
Syria1,1711,1611,2211,0161,1611,1611,116970859632
Turkey1,6371,6161,5281,4591,4911,4811,5821,4801,424
Yemen137128
FAR EAST
Bangladesh2,3792,2281,748
China58,50056,00052,000
Hong Kong8091878383889611094
India4,7014,3603,4274,2824,3072,7352,7482,5652,481
Indonesia1,0321,1821,0318581,1371,2131,0771,012
Japan4,3724,5414,5584,4994,5244,4254,4454,3564,3694,184
South Korea1,6161,6141,6921,6131,5961,6121,5471,4761,4441,439
Malaysia539514500441370355357344332314
Mongolia200196194186176185150120125
Myanmar (Burma)555550
Pakistan11,17010,87710,4329,7269,354
Philippines746746789672525702650692630
Singapore90130200
Sri Lanka472474509483463415400386320
Taiwan622619620619572520513499495459
Thailand156118827486115117109
Vietnam220270250
AFRICA
Algeria1,2141,2361,1851,1351,0471,0241,030944818746
Angola32255040507550
Cameroon4922255273595345
Central African
Republic141
Chad3111
Congo16103898
Cote d'Ivoire163129145140
Egypt3,5323,6293,6753,7063,7373,5793,6923,6483,4873,537
Ethiopia195181195181134160164160
Gabon282423211916
Ghana9571634540182573
Kenya 172189267260304285222272267217
Libya135176132
Morocco1,8321,6331,6832,0591,7291,9192,0471,8831,6041,798
Mozambique 895672748295110
Nigeria793528445268131,3351,197
Senegal87866587897086
Sierra Leone258
South Africa1,7781,7541,7111,6501,6091,5991,6031,4761,4981,506
Sudan450466343280266276255257
Tanzania545053692726
Tunisia563540534513517498462463419403
Uganda131412978548
Zaire147134131101117123121
Zambia485861603957809584
Zimbabwe187160150150
OCEANIA
Australia1,5831,5871,2661,2181,1731,1741,1751,0871,0861,069
Fiji25282626252422232120
New Zealand210214216219225220209227229
Source: International Wheat Council, London.
*Based on information supplied by member and non-member countries, United Nations Statistical Yearbook and I.W.C. estimates derived from reports of production and trade.

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