Grain storage developments

by Teresa Acklin
Share This:

An in-depth look at equipment for efficient grain handling and storage

   Agromatic AG, Laupen, Switzerland, the leading manufacturer of measuring and control systems for mills, feed mills and silos, looks back on a very successful past.

   Since the company's founding in 1979, Agromatic has become the largest producer of silo temperature measuring systems. Approximately 3 million tonnes of silo space are equipped with Agromatic measuring systems every year. Agromatic systems offer the highest levels of safety; they continuously measure and give alarms 24 hours a day.

   Dampening systems by Agromatic (Agrogran N) are known worldwide in the milling industry. They are produced with capacities ranging from 3 tonnes per hour up to 200 tph (for dampening in a silo). Agromatic also produces all types of full and empty level indicators, including capacitive (self-adjusting), mechanical (rotary flaps) and vibrating rods. For continuous measuring of silo levels, units are offered for bin heights of up to 60 meters (ultrasonic version).

   Agromatic provides metal detectors and separators for all applications. Whether the safety control point is in the ready-made packed product, in the loose loading or in the manufacturing process, Agromatic offers the right machine for the specific purpose.

   In some countries, rotary speed- and alignment monitors are a must. Agromatic produces a wide range of combined units (one unit for rotary speed- and alignment control). Wherever safety in the elevator is necessary, Agromatic's series ALS197 units are in use.

   Grain cooling equipment without programmable logic control is still on the market today. Agromatic's “Coolstop,” which incorporates silo temperature measurement in connection with a grain cooling machine control, allows the optimum control of the cooling equipment and consequently prevents the waste of energy.

   Behlen Mfg. Co., Columbus, Nebraska, U.S., is a supplier of steel bins up to 18,230 tonnes (31.85 meters in diameter) and hopper bins up to 1,000 tonnes; as well as “Berico” commercial dryers of grain, oilseeds or rice in capacities up to 136 tonnes per hour. Behlen bins utilize a trapezoidal wall panel design for added strength.

   Behlen/Berico dryers are noted for energy efficiency with a hot air recirculation system and trouble-free performance. Grain enters the dryer through the grain intake located on top of the unit. How quickly the grain passes through the dryer depends on the moisture level of the end product.

   From the intake, the grain moves into the receiving hopper and then to two narrow vertical columns. High air flow within the columns produces fast surface-moisture removal. As the grain drops deeper into the dryer, the columns expand out in width. This extra width allows for gentle, internal kernel moisture removal and maximum cooling time in the cooling section.

   As the grain reaches the mid-point of the dryer section column, grain moves from one side of the column to the other. This “Turn Flow” process takes the grain that was on the inside of the column and exchanges it with the grain on the outside of the column.

   This mixing action delivers uniformly dried grain and minimizes grain kernel temperatures for better quality. These dryers are available in a wide range of capacities for use in drying a variety of grains.

   Behlen also manufactures a wide range of flat storage buildings, including a full line of commercial/industrial building systems. Behlen's design capabilities combine with manufacturing expertise to assure quality leading products.

   Behlen, with more than 60 years of experience, is a worldwide supplier of products in use in more than 50 countries. The global need for technology and products continues to grow, resulting in an important market for Behlen Mfg. Co.

   A new generation pneumatic shipun-loader for grain and feed derivatives is now available from BMH Marine, Bjuv, Sweden. It can be supplied in various sizes with unloading capacities of up to 400 tonnes per hour.

   The extensive know-how in pneumatic transportation of various types of bulk materials within the BMH group of companies has been utilized in the development of the new machine.

   The unit structure has been designed with the aid of the latest computerized design technology, resulting in a light, yet sturdy construction. The vacuum is generated by a positive displacement blower of the latest design for efficient conveying and low noise level. A highly efficient filter separator guarantees virtually no dust emission in the environment. For added security, the filter separator is provided with an explosion relief vent.

   The new unloader can be fitted with direct discharge to trucks or with chain conveyor for discharge to a jetty conveyor. In case of non-availability of power, an on-board diesel generator can be installed.

   BMH Marine is a world leader in the field of ship unloading. For grain, the well-known Siwertell mechanical shipunloaders have been supplied since 1974 with capacities ranging from 200 to 1,500 tph for barges and ships up to 120,000 dwt.

   With the new generation pneumatic shipunloader, the company has further broadened its range of shipunloading, loading and conveying systems to cover all capacity ranges and types of installations for grain handling.

   Braime Elevator Components, Leeds, U.K., is a subsidiary of T.F. & J.H. Braime (Holdings) P.L.C. and has specialized in the manufacture of pressed seamless elevator buckets for more than 100 years.

   As a result, Braime offers the largest and most comprehensive elevator bucket range in the world to aid manufacturers and users of bucket elevators and their associated equipment.

   In addition to an unrivaled range of steel, stainless steel, plastic and nylon buckets, the group has built on its reputation by selectively adding electrical controls and safety devices, elevator belting, Imperial and European-style elevator bolts, wear resistant sheeting, couplings for pneumatic systems and forged steel chain — all to the highest international standards.

   This means that customers — who read like a “Who's Who” in international bulk handling equipment — are offered a single source of supply for all those important closely related components.

   As a result, the company's products can be found in a wide range of market sectors, including grain and cereal handling, animal feed, sugar production, castings, mining and quarrying, glass making, ceramics and cement.

   Braime employs 150 people at its 1.6-hectare Leeds factory, where equal emphasis is placed on quality product design, efficient manufacturing methods, a rapid and reliable supply service and technical assistance.

   A subsidiary in the U.S., 4B Elevator Components Ltd., was opened in 1984 and as a result, a number of the group's products, including conveyor chains, level controls and hazard monitors, now carry the 4B logo and are sold worldwide.

   The French company, Setem, renowned for its development of the high efficiency Starco elevator system, is a leading manufacturer of buckets in France and joined the Group in 1991 to further reinforce the group's worldwide capability.

   Braime, 4B, Setem and agents across the world offer a high level of technical expertise and personal service, backed by modern manufacturing techniques and supported by extensive research and test facilities — all focused on the needs of customers in the specialist field of conveying of bulk granular materials.

   Brock Manufacturing, Milford, Indiana, U.S., and CTB Grain Systems (formerly Butler Grain Systems), Kansas City, Missouri, U.S., have combined to become the world's largest manufacturer of grain storage silos. The joining of the two companies provides opportunities to broaden product offerings and to provide the most suitable products for all market segments worldwide.

   As a result of the merger, the company has developed and is now marketing its “Next Generation” line of commercial grain storage silos with a new Brock logo. The largest model of the company's new line of silos features a 32-meter diameter, an eave height of 26 meters with a 35-meter overall height and a maximum storage capacity of 18,500 tonnes.

   The company's smallest silo models are 4.6 meters in diameter. A line of commercial holding silos is also available in diameters up to 11 meters.

   Brock and CTB Grain Systems are part of Chore-Time Brock (CTB Inc.), a leading manufacturer and marketer of feed and grain storage silos as well as automated feeding, watering and ventilation systems, and commercial egg laying and handling systems.

   CTB serves the grain, poultry, swine and egg production industries and has worldwide distribution from its plants in Milford, Kansas City and Decatur, Alabama, U.S. In addition to the U.S. locations, CTB also has facilities in Europe, Asia and Latin America.

   Chief Industries Inc., York, Nebraska, U.S., a manufacturer and supplier of complete grain storage, handling and conditioning systems, has closed a deal with TCE (Terminales de Cargas Especializadas, S.A. de C.V.) of Mexico for a grain storage facility in the port of Veracruz, Mexico.

   The new facility, which is financed by Pacnav de Mexico, will have storage capacity of approximately 34,200 tonnes and grain conveying capacity of 250 and 500 tonnes per hour, involving the use of a wide range of Chief's extensive line of equipment for the agricultural industry.

   This new facility is an excellent addition to Chief's other port facilities around the world, which include countries such as China, Egypt and Mexico.

   The facility will be a great addition to the port of Veracruz's ship unloading capacity. The design embodies Chief's philosophy of approaching every customer from a unique perspective, respecting their individual needs and requirements.

   The equipment to be provided is of Chief's extra heavy duty industrial design involving the use of heavily galvanized parts and heavy duty drive systems to withstand port conditions and rigorous use. All equipment is covered by Chief's extensive and comprehensive warranties (five years on grain bins and two years on handling equipment) that offer the customer peace of mind and assurance of long and trouble free operation.

   Algranel C.A. is modernizing its existing grain terminal at Puerto Cabello, Venezuela's largest grain receiving terminal. Algranel will replace two older pneumatic shipunloaders with two SuperTower Model 505/25 Fanless Shipunloaders from Christianson Systems, Inc., Blomkest, Minnesota, U.S.

   Each SuperTower has a rated capacity of 500 tonnes per hour and is equipped with a 25-meter intake boom for unloading vessels up to Panamax size. The boom features a 5.0-tonne lifting crane for hoisting skid steer loaders into the hold of the vessel during clean-up. The SuperTowers will discharge into trucks or to an inbound conveyor system that connects to more than 100,000 tonnes of grain storage at the port.

   The SuperTowers will be affixed to Algranel's existing traveling gantries modified to accept the new equipment.

   Denis, Brou, France, was founded in 1855 and is located in Beauce, 130 km southwest of Paris in the largest cereals production area in France. An industrial complex of 80,000 square meters houses 220 workers dedicated to satisfying the needs of Denis's customers.

   Denis manufactures mechanical continuous handling, cleaning and selection equipment for bulk solid products. The core of its activities is constituted by cereals production, first processing such as flour milling and animal feed factories, seeds, dry beans, various types of grains and fertilizers, for which Denis has a wide range of machines.

   As an exporter to more than 80 countries, Denis is the premier French company in the manufacture of grain cleaning, treating, handling and storage equipment.

   The equipment range comprises traditional machines: belt and bucket, paddle or screw elevators; and horizontal tubular or troughed screw, chain or belt conveyors. It also includes more technical specialized equipment for the reclaiming, discharge and extraction of various products flowing or not by gravity, out of round cells or flat bottom silos as well as for the selection, pre-cleaning and cleaning by granulometry, or for seed treatment.

   According to the products handled and the requirements of the client, the equipment is delivered painted — genuine painting baked in an oven at 180°C surface temperature — galvanized or stainless steel.

   In outputs ranging from a few hundred kilograms up to 300 tonnes per hour, quality, high finishing, simplicity and performance are the strengths of Denis equipment.

   The Essmueller Co., Laurel, Mississippi, U.S., is a bulk handling equipment manufacturer established in 1878. In the past 120 years, The Essmueller Co. has developed a reputation of manufacturing equipment of uncompromising quality at competitive industry prices. The company's product line includes round bottom conveyors, flat bottom conveyors, screw feeders and enclosed belt conveyors.

   The Essmueller Co. also manufactures bucket elevators and turnhead distributors. The company's conveying equipment, working with elevators and distributors, is designed to move mass quantities through a milling and/or storage system from the truck dump through the system to the loading site.

   The Essmueller Co. designs and manufactures to meet the needs of the customer. The company, with the up-and-coming research and development department, also is in the constant process of modifying its equipment to adapt to ever changing industry demands.

   The Essmueller Co. has equipment in operation worldwide in such locations as the Pacific Rim, Central and South America and throughout North America. The company provides for customers ranging in size from small cooperatives to internationally known feed producers. The Essmueller Co. strives to provide high quality sales and prompt after sale service if problems should arise with equipment.

   The engineering department uses the Hewlett Packard ME-10 System to provide drawings quickly to the customer. On approval, manufacturing begins in the 10,350-square meter facility located in Laurel.

   The Essmueller Co. is a family owned company that provides a family-like environment for its 130 highly skilled workers, with quality as a top priority. The company extends this atmosphere to its customers to ensure satisfaction before and after the sale.

   Quality control is in place throughout the manufacturing process to ensure consistent and dependable equipment for customers. The company also provides spare parts for the equipment and delivers them to the job site promptly to limit the amount of down time.

   InterSystems, Inc., Omaha, Nebraska, U.S., manufactures products and systems for conveying, elevating, sampling and bulk weighing for the material handling and processing industries. Screeners, probes and dust suppression systems also are available.

   Rugged and flexible conveying systems are available from 30 to 1,500 cubic meters per hour (cmh) and can be inclined to 60°. Options include reversible units, bend sections, divided-flow inlets, intermediate discharge gates and a wide variety of housing and A.R.S. liner options.

   Elevator capacities are from 30 to 1,500 cmh. Options include ladder/cage/platform systems, support towers, trussing, motion and alignment sensors and various drives, belt and cup styles.

   InterSystems has led the industry for more than 30 years with the largest number of sampling models and the most innovations and experience. Samplers are available for belt end, mid-belt, gravity chutes, bin wall, auger bottom and pneumatic lines (up/down/side flow).

   Factory-assembled bulk weighing systems are available from 30 to 2,400 cmh and are prewired, preplumbed and preconfigured.

   InterSystems produces patented gravity-flow internal proportional by-pass screeners.

   Probes can be configured for a large variety of products and site applications. Samples gathered provide highly accurate and repeatable results for moisture, size and material control testing.

   Cost effective dust suppression systems provide accurate control of dust suppression fluids, in both manual and automatic modes. Airborne dust is nearly eliminated, reducing product loss and housekeeping expense. Systems are available to treat up to 3,000 cmh and multiple points.

   The manufacturing facility uses a variety of precision, state-of-the-art computer numerically controlled machinery. This equipment, when used in conjunction with the CAD/CAM system, provides highly accurate tolerances in the production cycle. The result is a quality product for the end user, built to exacting standards that will provide consistent and dependable service.

   Frame S.p.A., Ozzano Emilia, Italy, designs and manufactures plants and equipment for grain storage, handling and preservation. Frame corrugated steel silos, ranging up to 10,000 tonnes capacity, have been designed to meet the customer's requirements for quality, cost and service.

   Frame designs and manufactures steel buildings, square bins and smooth wall round bins in a modular structure erected without welding. This equipment is specifically conceived and developed for cereal storage and processing plants, flour mills and feed mills.

   Frame products include a wide range of grain handling and processing equipment such as high quality and efficiency belt conveyors, chain conveyors, bucket elevators, screw conveyors, pre-cleaners, cleaners, dryers and a complete set of accessories.

   Frame quality system, ISO 9001 certified, guarantees the design, supply, construction and operating efficiency of entire storage plants.

   GSI International, a division of The GSI Group, Assumption, Illinois, U.S., has the privilege of supplying Syria with grain storage and conveying equipment.

   More than 50 sites are scheduled with the Syrian Arab Republic/Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade/General Establishment for Cereal Processing and Trade, Damascus, Syria, to be erected with GSI silos specifically for storing wheat for export. Each site consists of 12 1,000-tonne silos and 115-tonne per hour conveyors.

   Currently, 25 satellite facilities are under construction with 25 more scheduled for construction. These facilities, like the one pictured in Khas Alez, Syria, supply wheat to a regional elevator and then to a port facility for exporting.

   The proper design of grain handling and storage facilities is going through significant changes, as new and increasing demands are being brought to the grain sector. Kepler Weber, Porto Alegre, Brazil, leader in the South American market for grain storage facilities, is keeping pace with this evolution through the development of equipment that allows cleaning, handling, drying and storage at lower rates of product loss, with savings in fuel and energy and respect for the environment.

   As a result of the evolving environment, the capacity and flexibility of grain handling facilities can be quite demanding as evidenced by extra high moisture-content grain coming into the plant, extra-short harvesting periods, several simultaneous crops or varieties or even the combination of these possibilities.

   Grain quality preservation, which requires a proper conveyor design that causes little or no damage to the product, and dryers, with a gentle drying process by means of adequate moisture removal rates and an even treatment to all kernels, are also important features.

   To achieve these features, the key parameters are: suitable conveyance speed and restrictions to grain falls; and for the dryers, large static capacity, proper drying air temperature and preferably mixed-flow type dryer bodies. Last but not least, it has to be mentioned that cleaning is of major importance, given that processing equipment works better with a clean product, no matter if it is a conveyor, a dryer or a bin.

   Once the grains are cleaned and dried, new challenges are expected for the storage procedures. The new requirements for pest control and the suitability of the equipment for the so-called “integrated pest management” have been widely discussed in recent years.

   To satisfy these requirements, new developments are in the pipeline to provide equipment with proper sanitation and sealing features. Even more demanding characteristics are expected to be incorporated into grain equipment, with the banning and phasing-out of several currently used pesticides that are in progress because of agreed protocols. No doubt, significant innovations will result as a consequence of this fact.

   The SCN range of grain dryers is the focus of Law-Denis Engineering Ltd., Wickwar, Gloucestershire, U.K. After introducing the continuous mixed flow principal to the U.K. market in the 1970s, Law-Denis has since been regarded as the U.K.'s number one supplier of continuous dryers.

   To maintain its position as market leader, company policy has always been to take into consideration customers' changing requirements. This has resulted in standard features such as exhaust silencing, thermal insulation, external plastic coated cladding, eighteen-color finishes and options of full exhaust filtration, indirect firing, choice of burners, alternative fuels, fire detection systems and hard copy drying print outs.

   The latest of these features is the exhaust filtration system, which can be supplied to conform to specific local environmental regulations and is based on the positive removal and collection of airborne particles to a specified micron size.

   To complement its range of dryers, Law-Denis also specializes in a complete range of associated grain handling equipment, including cleaners, graders and storage systems. If required, turnkey services are available worldwide.

   Recent projects have totaled in excess of 40,000 tonnes of storage and have handled commodities including maize (maize for starch production and maize for “popcorn”), wheat, barley, rice, soybeans, coffee and cocoa.

   MFS/York/Stormor, a division of Global Industries owned by Virgil Eihusen, is a manufacturer of grain storage, drying and handling equipment and is located in Grand Island, Nebraska, U.S.

   With more than 30 years of product experience and the combined expertise of the MFS storage and drying silos, the Stormor overhead drying system silos and the York elevator legs and conveyors, most areas of grain care are realized. Even materials not related to grain are often stored and moved by equipment manufactured at MFS/York/Stormor.

   Storage silos range from 37 to 12,784 tonnes, with diameters ranging from 4.57 to 27.43 meters. Hopper silo diameters start at 1.83 meters and go up to 10.97 meters, with capacities up to 1,370 tonnes. The Ezee Dry upper chamber drying silos go up to 10.97 meters in diameter with drying capacities of more than 20 tonnes per hour and a storage capacity up to 624 tonnes.

   Bucket elevator legs and chain drag conveyors are manufactured up to 750 tph capacity and are furnished in painted, galvanized or stainless steel construction.

   The main U.S. manufacturing plant office, along with remote offices located in the U.K. and Thailand, are staffed with sales personnel knowledgeable in the storage, drying and moving of grains. Representatives in various countries throughout the world are well-known with a continuous search taking place for new prospects experienced in grain management and control.

   Recent large sales in Venezuela and Ukraine are scheduled to be completed later in 1998.

   Neuero Corp., West Chicago, Illinois, U.S., and its sister company, Neuero Industrietechnik, Melle, Germany, are world leaders in the design, engineering and manufacture of pneumatic equipment ranging from small portable units used in the agricultural industry to large marine applications.

   The companies have received worldwide recognition for their GSD line of portable unloaders commonly used in lighterage operations and small port facilities.

   As worldwide grain shipments increased in size, Neuero used its past successful experiences to develop its Multiport line of quay-side unloaders. These unloaders are available in mobile and fixed design. Capacities range from 150 to 1,000 tonnes per hour.

   The Neuero Group is dedicated to providing the most efficient and productive solution for each product. Neuero is proud of its past accomplishments and current projects and its client list includes such reputable names as Continental Grain, Pillsbury, Cargill, Owensboro Grain, Pure Foods and Ocrim S.p.A.

   Perten Instruments, Huddinge, Sweden, specialists in quality control of grain, flour and food, is pleased to extend its representation by releasing a new international website at

   Visitors to will find information on all the Perten Instruments products on the product range-page. This includes the Falling Number System for alpha-amaylase activity and the Glutomatic System for wheat gluten quantity and quality, as well as the Single Kernel Characterization System for grain uniformity and wheat classification.

   The PerCon Inframatic System, NIR analyzers for whole grain, flour and powders, is also covered, as well as the DA 7000 Analysis System, which is an ultra fast, full spectra NIR/NIT/VIS instrument for a variety of food applications.

   Should you require more information you can order product leaflets directly from the simple and convenient more information-page.

   On the contact us-page you will meet all the area sales managers at the six different Perten Instruments companies in the U.S., Europe and Australia. They will be happy to assist you in your local market.

   A news-page gives you a regular update on products, seminars, exhibitions and other activities at Perten Instruments. The site also offers links to other useful sources of food and agricultural information.

   Prado, Mungia (Bizkaia), Spain, with more than 25 years of experience, is one of the leading companies in Europe in the manufacture of silos and complete installations for grain storage.

   Prado has important industrial facilities near the Port of Bilbao and with more than 80,000 square meters of total surface, this port is one of the main ports in Atlantic Europe. This implies a strategic position as far as the export market is concerned.

   Besides the main office and factory in Mungia (Bilbao), Prado has branch offices in Spain, Germany, Argentina, Mexico and Bolivia.

   Prado has come to several joint-venture and agency agreements in Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Central America and dealers and distributors in Morocco, Tunisia, Portugal, Egypt, Thailand, Greece and Malaysia.

   In the Silo Division for grains, Prado manufactures the following products: GB silos with flat bottom in a large diameter and height range, with capacities of more than 12,000 tonnes per bin; SOM and BOM silos with metal hopper and capacity up to 1,000 tonnes; and bucket elevators, horizontal conveyors, worm conveyors, extractors and auxiliary equipment and accessories to guarantee outputs up to 300 tonnes per hour.

   Prado also provides engineering services, which involve calculation and design of complete plants according to the requirements of each customer, erection and erection supervision.

   Prado attaches great importance to the quality of industrial installation, which allows it to meet the requirements of European standards. Prado puts particular emphasis on the galvanized coverings and the painting of the materials. A perfect finish and adaptation of each part and of the whole are achieved thanks to their high premanufactured standard.

   Scafco Corporation, Spokane, Washington, U.S., began manufacturing corrugated galvanized steel silos in 1961, producing silos with capacities ranging from 3 tonnes to more than 16,000 tonnes and hopper bottom silo capacities ranging from 4 tonnes to several hundred tonnes.

   Scafco also supplies a full range of accessories and aeration and grain handling equipment, including bucket elevators, drag conveyors, screw conveyors and tube augers, that are integral components of its systems.

   Scafco silos have been engineered for quality, quick assembly on site and simplicity of operation. Stiffened silos ranging from 5.49 to 32 meters in diameter, and non-stiffened silos ranging from 4.27 to 14.63 meters also are manufactured for commercial or farm storage.

   Scafco's unique combination of unsurpassed design, high degree of engineering expertise, proper equipment selection, manufacturing and customer service after the sale has made Scafco a worldwide leader in providing grain storage systems.

   Individual silos and storage projects delivered in more than 46 countries are storing wheat, maize, soybeans, barley, pulses, rice, sunflowers, palm kernels and other free flowing products such as polyethylene beads, wood pellets, animal feed and various minerals.

   Scafco's success has been achieved because of dedicated customer service and design staff, qualified manufacturing people and all the necessary tools for efficient production.

   Scafco engineers use the latest in computer drafting and analysis techniques to develop and produce project layouts and designs, shop drawings and manufacturing specifications.

   Scafco's Spokane plant and corporate offices, with 5,400 square meters of modern manufacturing capabilities, are strategically located only 450 kilometers from the Port of Seattle, Washington, a major U.S. west coast shipping port. From the far reaches of the Southern Cone, Africa, Asia, Newly Independent States and other European countries, you will find Scafco silos synonymous with quality, design, engineering and value.

   The demand for high quality grain products is increasing worldwide. First class grain quality can only be obtained if the grain is stored in a perfect environment.

   Sulzer Escher Wyss, Lindau, Germany, has carried out development work for grain chilling for the past 30 years, with the cooperation of various universities and research centers. The process itself and the name Granifrigor have a firm position in grain storage.

   The cooling process has proved to be very economical (5 to 8 kWh per tonne), and one-time cooling to about 10° to 15°C is sufficient for long-term storage without the need to re-cool.

   Granifrigor mobile chilled air units allow for continuous adjustment of relative humidity and temperatures, and an accurate control system ensures that these parameters are maintained even at strongly fluctuating ambient conditions.

   Granifrigor grain chillers are used in more than 50 countries in many different types of climate. Cold storage with Granifrigor is the most natural way of grain preservation.

   Sweet Manufacturing, Springfield, Ohio, U.S., recently was part of a project completed by Cuenca del Salado S.A., which is owned and operated by Claudio Andreoli. Over the past few years, Argentina has been going through numerous changes in grain storage systems and the 27,215-tonne storage facility, located in Chivilcoy, Argentina, is part of the recent construction.

   After almost two years in planning and execution, Mr. And-reoli has completed two phases of the project. Included are eight Sweet 200-tonne per hour Ace II bucket elevators ranging from 16.7 to 37.9 meters in discharge heights and three Sweet 150 tph King bucket elevators having discharge heights of 16.7 to 37.9 meters.

   Also included for handling equipment are 25 200-tph Sweet 1417 Flite-Veyors totaling 69.8 meters of conveyor trough, four 150-tph Sweet 1017 Flite-Veyors totaling 40 meters of conveyor trough and 438.3 meters of Sweet heavy duty Silver-Span conveyor support system to support the bin loading conveyors.

   The grain is delivered to two Sweet 1417 Flite-Veyor pit conveyors. These conveyors transfer grain to the four receiving elevators that are installed in a row, all having head and drive service capabilities from one large common service platform.

   The receiving elevators feed a four inlet distributor that then distributes the grain to two of six runs of drag chain conveyors. These conveyors deliver the grain to four 9.1-meter diameter hopper bottom tanks to store wet grain being dried by two continuous flow dryers.

   The four inlet distributor also directs the dry grain to four long conveyors for transport to four 27.3-meter diameter storage bins. The distributor was independently supported with a support tower allowing support of the inlet end of all overhead bin load conveyors just under the distributor. This allows access to all overhead runs of conveyor and conveyor support system from one focal point.

   Vigan Engineering, Nivelles, Belgium, specializes in the complete engineering work, manufacturing, erection, commissioning and after sales services of ship, barge, trucks and rail loaders and unloaders.

   Vigan offers a large range of equipment from 60 tonnes per hour to 600 tph per pipe and 1,200 tonnes tph with two pipes. Vigan has earned its reputation as a specialist of handling equipment for difficult, fragile and abrasive products with more than 6,000 successful installations worldwide.

   Vigan's installations, easily identifiable by their yellow saffron color, are at work 24 hours a day in the sea and fluvial harbors, local industries and the silos of 84 countries.

   Vigan presents up-to-date references of continuously satisfied customers considering Vigan as their partner in bulk loading/unloading equipment. The ability of Vigan to satisfy customer demand is illustrated by the multiplicity of goods unloaded that include: agricultural products, food products, animal feeds, agriculture allied industries fertilizers, chemical products and raw materials.

   Mechanical and pneumatic engineering skill, high quality equipment, extensive field service and fast and efficient customer service support are part of Vigan's fast-growing market that backs the company's solid reputation. Doing well every day in every aspect of dry bulk transport and tirelessly seeking ways to maintain competitive prices are Vigan's goals.

   As an active member of the world community, Vigan is an environmentally sensitive company that helps to clean the air and purify the planet.

   As Canada's leading manufacturer of agricultural storage products, Westeel, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, offers a wide range of on-farm and commercial storage solutions for today's agricultural industry.

   The company is based in Western Canada where it maintains five production facilities and exports its products to agricultural markets across North America and around the world to Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia and Central and South America. Its application of the latest technology in its manufacturing process and its commitments to innovative research and development have kept Westeel at the forefront of the steel products manufacturing industry for more than 90 years. Westeel is an ISO 9001 certified manufacturer.

   Westeel's specialty is grain storage and conditioning, and its yellow top series of grain bins has become world renowned. In the past 15 years no fewer than 250,000 agricultural storage bins have been produced by Westeel, ranging in size from approximately 27 tonnes up to more than 12,790 tonnes.

   Its Wide-Corr series was first introduced in 1982 and has since proven to be the bin of choice for those seeking a state-of-the-art storage solution. It comes in a wide range of on-farm and commercial sizes and is available in both flat bottomed and hopper configurations.

   Westeel's Super-Corr series is specially designed for application at grain elevators and port facilities, and features bins capable of storing up to 12,700 tonnes of grain. For specialized purposes, Westeel also supplies bulk feed tanks and hoppered bins for wet holding, seed and fertilizer.